WW1 Daybook

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The Minnesota Historical Society preserves and makes available a wide range of materials chronicling Minnesota's history and culture. The goals of the Collections Department are to collect and preserve; provide access and interpretation; and engage in education and outreach. This blog is a tool to share these stories and let people know what is happening in the department.

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WW1 Daybook

"American Army Seeing Red Over Terrible Gas Attack" and "Refuses Russian Armisice Plea" - Rochester Daily Post and Record. February 27, 1918

By: Lori Williamson | WW1 Daybook | February 27, 2018

Heavy Artillery

By: Lori Williamson | WW1 Daybook | February 26, 2018


In this entry, William Fraser describes a day in which they were under heavy gunfire all day. He states that the gunfire began in the early morning and continued until the sun went down. He saw several German planes in the sky and even saw a French plane swoop in and chase a German plane away. While this day must have been stressful and draining for Fraser, he ends the entry saying that he had a delicious dinner and was able to go to bed at a reasonable hour.

 


Feb 26, 1918.
Heavy gun fire early in morning and during rest of day. Balloon up. German aeroplane. shoots at it. French aeroplane comes to resque. German got away, no harm done. Saw 2 Ger observation balloons. 1 at bat. under fire all day. 4 wounded. Clear and sunny all day. German plane adjusting fire on the battery. 150 going to position I'll so lots of French batteries going out Road near here shelled. after hearing fire all day ate a good supper than prepared for bed at 9.

Citation: William K. Fraser Diary, 1917-1919, 1944. Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul Minnesota. P1943

"Bemidji Soldier Hero Honored in Death; Victim of Tuscania's Fate" and "Sammies in Brisk Brush with Enemy" - Bemidji Daily Pioneer. February 25, 1918

By: Lori Williamson | WW1 Daybook | February 25, 2018

Last Day at Home

By: Lori Williamson | WW1 Daybook | February 24, 2018


Oscar Dahlgren was enlisted in February of 1918 in Glenwood, Minnesota, into Company C, 349th Infantry, 88th Division. This entry details his last day at home before he had to report to camp. He talks about staying with his wife at her parents house, and about a surprise party that was thrown for him and three other men from his district who had been drafted with him. Overall, Dahlgren seems very indifferent to both leaving his family and wife and to entering into the military. In this entry, he is very matter-of-fact about everything that happened, not dwelling on the sadness of leaving his family behind, nor the excitement of embarking on a new adventure in the US military.
 


Feb 24, 1918.
After moving stayed at my wifes folks place till the time came I had to leave. Some time before leaving for camp the young people in district 76 arranged a surprise party for 3 of us boys in the district that was to leave. A purse of $13.00 was given us. A good time was had too. [...]

Citation: Oscar R. Dahlgren World War I Journals, 1917-1919. . Minnesota Historical Society, Saint Paul, Minnesota. P2745
 
 

Superb Americanization

By: Lori Williamson | WW1 Daybook | February 23, 2018


This letter was sent to the Saint Paul Chapter of the American Red Cross by the Committee on Public Information in Washington D.C., commending the chapter on their superb Americanization work. "Americanization" included actions such as aiding immigrants, teaching them English and civics, providing a supportive community for immigrants, and working against anti-Americanism.

 


February 23, 1918.
[...] Ladies:
Your name has been sent to this Committee as an agency carrying on Americanization work among foreign-born residents in your city.
You are respectfully requested to fill out and return the enclosed registration card at your earliest convenience. Any further information, data, or pamphlets bearing on this work which you can send us, will be helpful.
Americanization as defined in this inquiry includes: instructing foreign-born residents in the English language and in civics; maintaining information centers and furnishing information, aid and service to immigrants; counteracting anti-American propaganda; holding meetings, addresses and gatherings to bring about unity of immigrant peoples in America; adopting safe-guards against alien enemy activities; and all measured and plans having for their object the bringing of native and foreign-born peoples together in common loyalty to America.
Your prompt cooperation in this matter will be appreciated.
Yours very truly,
George Creel
Chairman.

Citation: American Red Cross, Northern Division, records, 1915-1921. Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, Minnesota. P781

"Bolshevik Government Decides to Fight" and "Patrol Fight Reported on Aisne Sector" - The Duluth Herald. February 22, 1918

By: Lori Williamson | WW1 Daybook | February 22, 2018

Specialists

By: Lori Williamson | WW1 Daybook | February 21, 2018


This memorandum to company commanders of the 350th Infantry Regiment training at Camp Dodge, Iowa, gives the number of specialists recommended for each company. These specialists includes not only mechanics, drivers, barbers, and cooks, but horseshoers, saddlers and wagoners. The memorandum instructs commanders to reply with how many specialists they will need for their company, and if they do not need any specialists then to indicate so.

 


HEADQUARTERS 350TH INFANTRY
CAMP DODGE, IOWA
February 21, 1918
MEMORANDUM
To co. Comdrs:
Tables of Organization give the following quota per company or specialists. Co. Comdrs. will deduct the number of specialists already in their organization from the total allowance and inform this office as soon as possible of the number required from the incoming draft. If none are required, so state. [...]"

Citation: U.S. Army, 350th Infantry Regiment, Co. G, records 1917-1919. Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, Minnesota. BG6/.U584/350th

The Patriotic Duty to Report Deserters

By: Lori Williamson | WW1 Daybook | February 20, 2018


This letter from the American Red Cross National Headquarters to all of its Division Directors of Civilian Relief states that it is the patriotic duty of everyone to report deserters, especially members of the Red Cross. If a member of the Red Cross finds and reports information on deserters during their Red Cross duties, the government reward must be donated to the Red Cross.
 


February 20th, 1918
[...] 1. It is the patriotic duty of every person knowing the whereabouts of a deserter to report him to the proper authorities.
2. Therefore a special obligation rests upon every member of the Red Cross, because of its peculiar activities as an aid to the Government at this time, to report deserters at once to the proper authorities.
3. If such information is obtained by a member of the Red Cross in the course of the discharge of official Red Cross duties, the resulting reward from the Government could with Propriety go to the Red Center.
4. It is better that no claim for this reward be made. If claim is made, it should be in the name of the individual member of the Red Cross who furnished the information regarding the deserter. The reward from the Government, when received, may then be turned over to the Chapter to which the member giving the information belongs. [...]

Citation: American Red Cross, Northern Division, records, 1915-1921. Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, Minnesota. P781

"Germans, Invading Russia Unopposed, Pass Dvina" and "Drafted Men Get Lessons in War at Night School" - The Minneapolis Morning Tribune. February 19, 1918

By: Lori Williamson | WW1 Daybook | February 19, 2018

You Have Now Been Selected for Immediate Military Service

By: Lori Williamson | WW1 Daybook | February 18, 2018


On this day, Eber Berquist of Otter Tail County received a letter stating that he had been drafted into the US military. The letter states that he must report for duty on the 24th of February, giving him only 6 days to prepare and say goodbye to his friends and family. The letter is written in a way to emphasize the honor attached to being a part of the US military, so as to remind the men receiving the letters that they are heros during this perilous time.

 


Order of Inductions into Military Service of the United States.
The President of the United States,
To Ebber John Bergquist
Order Number 157 Serial Number 1417
Greeting: Having submitted yourself to a local board composed of your neighbors for the purpose of determining the place and time in which you can best serve the United States in the present emergency, you are hereby notified that you have now been selected for immediate military service.
You will, therefore, report to the local board named below at Div. 2, Henning, Otter Tail Co., Minn., at 4 P.M., on the 24 day of Feb, 1918, for military duty.
From and after the day and hour just names you will be a soldier in the military service of the United States. [...]

Citation: Eber Berquist Papers. Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, Minnesota. P2786

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