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Photo of iron mining in Chisholm, 1900.
Iron Range Region

For more than half a century, Minnesota's iron ranges supplied the iron ore that fed the nation's steel mills. First mined in the 1880s, the three ranges - the Vermilion, Mesabi and Cuyuna - provided the economic underpinnings of northeastern Minnesota. They also drew waves of immigrant workers, creating the state's most diverse melting pot and a distinctive cultural legacy that still defines the region. Although mining has declined since the 1960s, the mines and the tight-knit communities they fostered have developed a new industry focused on cultural-heritage tourism.

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Photo of Hull-Rust-Mahoning Mine. 
Go to selection of Mines and Processing properties. Mines & Processing
Featuring an underground mine, an open pit mine and a sintering plant.
Photo of William A. Irvin. 
Go to selection of Transportation properties. Transportation
Ore traveled by rail to Lake Superior for shipment to eastern ports.
Photo of Coleraine Carnegie Library.
Go to selection of Building Communities properties. Building Communities
Mining companies built model towns and spurred community improvements.
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Minnesota Historical Society Click here to visit the Minnesota Historical Society Web Site. Click here to visit Minnesota's State Historic Preservation Office Web Site.