Esh-ke-bug-e-coshe (Flat Mouth), 1855
Esh-ke-bog-e-coshe (Flat Mouth), 1855

The Ojibwe were disturbed by white greed for Indian lands and by unmet treaty promises.

"When the white men first came into this country and discovered us, we received them hospitably, and if they were hungry, we fed them, and went hunting for them. At first the white men only asked for furs and skins. . . . but for some years they have been asking land from us. For ten years they have asked from us nothing but land, and ever more land. We give unwillingly the land in which the graves of our fathers rest. But for all that, we have given land in our generosity. We knew not that we were giving so much for so little."

Unidentified Ojibwe speaker, 1855

"I have seen nothing as nothing is to be seen. We wrote a letter to our great Father telling our complaints, but have never heard from it. When the treaty was written I thought it was for the good of my people. You have explained it, and we understand it, but it has not been fulfilled. . . . The money is absorbed in claims."

Esh-ke-bog-e-coshe (Flat Mouth), 1858