Marcel Breuer, born in Hungary in 1902, began his career with Walter Gropius in the Bauhaus Design Studio in Berlin. In 1938 he moved to New York and began an architectural firm. Breuer designed the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York, and the UNESCO World Headquarters building in Paris. He designed many buildings on the St. John's Abbey and University campus, including the Abbey Church. The church design embodies St. John's role in liturgical reform along with Breuer's revolutionary use of materials, such as poured concrete.
GET STARTED WITH SECONDARY SOURCES:
- Adventure in Architecture, by Whitney Stoddard.
New York: Longmans, Green, and Company, 1958.
This book features Breuer's plan for building a new complex and contains Breuer's detailed and conceptual sketches.
MHS call number: NA5235 .C6 S8 1958
- "The Benedictine's Bauhaus," by Thomas Fisher.
"The ideals of the Bauhaus embodied a secular version of Benedictine beliefs, evident in Marcel Breuer's buildings at St. John's Abbey and University."
In Architecture Minnesota, vol. 28, no. 1 (Jan.-Feb. 2002):pp. 26-29, 50-51.
MHS call number: NA 1 .N68 v.28
- "Landmarks," by Jane King Hession.
Abbey Church at St. John's.
In Minnesota History, vol. 59, no. 3 (fall 2004):p. 95.
MHS call number: F 601.5 .M66 v.59:3, or view an electronic version of the article (PDF).
- Worship and Work; Saint John's Abbey and University, 1856-1956,
by Colman Barry.
Collegeville, Minn.: Saint John's Abbey, 1956.
Barry was president of the university.
MHS call number: BX2525.C6 S3
- The Scriptorium.
Collegeville, Minn.: St. John's Abbey, 1961.
The Scriptorium was a serial published by the Abbey, and vol. 20, no. 1 contains a copy of the letter sent to 12 prospective architects.
MHS call number: BX801 .S4
- Newspapers that may be useful for this topic:
- St. Cloud Daily Times
- St. Cloud Visitor
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