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Revitalize Minnesota's First National Historic Landmark
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With a human history 10,000 years in the making, the area now known as Fort Snelling is the site of essential stories of our shared past—some well-known, others known by very few. Now is a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to connect Historic Fort Snelling and its stories in meaningful ways with an increasingly diverse Minnesota and America. #hfs2020
Many Stories: What Fort Snelling Means to Me
Lend Your Voice!
Learn about the Minnesota Historical Society’s plans to revitalize Historic Fort Snelling through upgraded facilities and interpretation. This will be a space for open community dialogue and collaboration. Representatives from MNHS will be in attendance to listen.
Come and make your voice heard!
Community Listening Sessions
Can't attend a meeting?
Minnesota has a great need. Historic Fort Snelling’s buildings and grounds are not serving the public well. The current visitor center is dilapidated and needs to be razed. The dramatic views atop the bluffs of the Mississippi and Minnesota Rivers are hidden. And most important, modern amenities are necessary to better tell the many stories of the site’s history to families, schoolchildren and tourists worldwide.
Help create a place of community connection, a destination for learning, healing, and discovery. The Minnesota Historical Society is asking the state legislature for $34 million to revitalize Historic Fort Snelling in time for its bicentennial in 2020. Support our request.
Our vision is of a site that engages diverse communities in Minnesota and beyond. Many stories of the area’s history will be told in preserved historic buildings. People will draw inspiration from the natural beauty of the bluffs and rivers. Community groups will gather to share their histories.
Funding to revitalize Historic Fort Snelling will:
- Create a new visitor center and welcome area within renovated historic buildings
- Create a park-like plaza
- Develop new programs, experiences and exhibits in concert with community partners
- Enhance wayfinding
- Demolish the outdated visitor center and landscape the vacated space along the river
$34 million is a lot of money. Why does this project cost so much?
Most of this money will be used to create a new visitor center in one of the 1904 cavalry barracks at the historic fort. Preservation is a key component of the MNHS mission and we are entrusted to preserve the historic buildings in our care. Historic preservation construction projects are different than new construction. They are more labor intensive and require highly specialized qualifications for technical types of work. In addition, MNHS employs only experienced firms familiar with historic preservation standards, pays the prevailing wage, and has a preference for American-made products that are of the highest quality and often custom-made.
Why doesn’t MNHS just fix the current visitor center?
It would take $5.6 million to bring the current visitor center up to code. Stakeholder input indicated the community wants to see the historic buildings restored. This is the first time we are considering the site in a holistic way, including restoring historic buildings, landscape, and wayfinding.
There are so many things called “Fort Snelling.” Are they all owned or managed by the Minnesota Historical Society?
The sprawling area known as “Fort Snelling” is owned and managed by multiple organizations and units of government. Historic Fort Snelling (which includes the original fort, dating back to 1820 and located across Highway 55 from the Upper Post) is owned by the State of Minnesota and administered by the Minnesota Historical Society (MNHS).
What is the Upper Post? How is it different from Historic Fort Snelling?
Dozens of buildings were built after the Civil War on what is known as the Upper Post area to house and serve U.S. Army soldiers. The Upper Post (adjacent to the Minneapolis-St. Paul Airport) today is owned by the Department of Natural Resources.
For a time, the Upper Post site housed the 25th U.S. Infantry, sometimes referred to as the “Buffalo Soldiers,” all-black regiments in the U.S Army. During both World War I and II, all of Fort Snelling served as an induction and training facility for thousands of soldiers. During WWII, Fort Snelling was home to the Military Intelligence Service Language School, where Japanese American soldiers trained as interpreters, interrogators, and translators for the Pacific Theater.
The military gradually abandoned all of the buildings in the Upper Post area after World War II, disposing of parts of the site to various federal and state agencies. Highway 55 separated HFS from the Upper Post in the 1950s. While several of the buildings were shuttered at the time they were vacated, many have suffered from deferred maintenance and vandalism over the years. The Upper Post and Historic Fort Snelling are part of the National Register of Historic Places historic district, which is also a National Historic Landmark.
I read about someone building affordable housing at the Fort. Is that related?
The announcement in July 2015 by the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources (DNR) and Dominium, an affordable housing developer, to adaptively reuse historic barracks buildings at the Upper Post of Fort Snelling for affordable housing has generated a great deal of interest—and some misconceptions.
Historic Fort Snelling (which includes the original 1820 fort), is owned by the State of Minnesota and administered by MNHS. The original fort is NOT part of the affordable housing proposal, nor is the nearby Fort Snelling Chapel (which is managed by the DNR).
MNHS is pleased that the DNR and Dominium are planning to restore long-abandoned barracks buildings at the Upper Post for affordable housing. Affordable housing for homeless vets, independent of the Dominium proposal, opened Oct. 2, 2015. Upper Post Veterans Community was developed in five historic buildings on the Upper Post by Common Bond Communities. Both initiatives contribute to revitalization of the greater Fort Snelling area, the centerpiece of which is MNHS’ Historic Fort Snelling.
What is the Minnesota Historical Society’s response to those who suggest that Historic Fort Snelling, as a symbol of imperialism, should be destroyed?
The Minnesota Historical Society’s mission is to preserve and share our state’s history, including the troubling and more complex parts of our history. MNHS preserves the historic fort, a National Historic Landmark, so that we can educate the public about the varied history of the site and fort through the years, including the site's importance as Dakota homeland with a deep connection to this space long before the fort was ever built; the fort's role in the Dakota War of 1862, including the concentration camp below the fort where 1,600 Dakota men, women, and children were imprisoned following the war; and this landmark's role in a history of genocide against American Indian people. Other important histories include the fort's association with slavery and the story of Dred and Harriet Scott; its military history through World War II; and as a space where trade has always occurred between many diverse groups of people.
Fort Snelling in the News
Find everything you need to spread the word about this project through other media channels. Historic Fort Snelling Revitalization Press Kit.
Experience Fort Snelling this summer. Plan ahead to experience signature events such as Memorial Day, Independence Day, and World War I weekends.
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or call 651-259-3121