Glacial River Warren falls is formed near what is now downtown St. Paul and begins its slow journey upstream due to natural erosion.
The falls move past Bdote, the confluence of Mni Sota Wakpa (Minnesota) and Haha Wakpa (Mississippi). The Dakota refer to the falls as Owamniyomni.
Father Louis Hennepin visits and names the Falls of St. Anthony.
Lieutenant Zebulon Pike negotiates a treaty with several Dakota representatives, to acquire land that includes the confluence of the Minnesota and Mississippi rivers and St. Anthony Falls.
Colonel Josiah Snelling oversees the construction of Fort Snelling and the first mills at the falls.
The falls area is a tourist attraction, drawing visitors from the eastern United States, the Deep South, and Europe.
A treaty with the Ojibwe opening up settlement east of the Mississippi is ratified. Franklin Steele claims land on the east side of the falls.
“Sawdust Town”: Minneapolis is a national leader in lumber production.
Treaties of Traverse des Sioux and Mendota open up land west of the Mississippi for settlement.
First permanent bridge across the Mississippi is built at Nicollet Island. Village of St. Anthony is incorporated.
Congressman Robert Smith of Illinois buys land on west side of the falls.
Minneapolis Mill Company and St. Anthony Falls Water Power Company are incorporated by land owners on each side of the falls.
Waterpower companies construct a V-shaped dam to funnel water to each side of the river.
Minnesota becomes a state. Local residents of Minneapolis vote to become a city.
Eliza Winston, an enslaved person who travelled to St. Anthony with her owners for the summer, is granted freedom by a Minneapolis court.
C.C. Washburn builds his first flour mill in Minneapolis, later known as Washburn B Mill.
Minneapolis is incorporated.
Tunnel collapse threatens the falls.
The falls are restored and protected by an apron, dam, and underground dike built by the US Army Corps of Engineers.
“New process” of milling flour by gradual reduction revolutionizes the industry.
St. Anthony and Minneapolis merge into one city.
First Washburn A Mill opens.
Washburn A Mill explodes, killing 18 workers and destroying much of the west side mill district.
Second Washburn A Mill opens.
“Mill City”: Minneapolis leads the nation in flour production.
Washburn Crosby wins the gold, silver, and bronze medals at the first and only International Millers’ Exposition. They promptly begin selling “Gold Medal Flour.”
Pillsbury A Mill opens, the largest mill in the world for three decades.
The nation's first central hydroelectric plant begins operating on Upton Island, providing lights for Washington Avenue businesses and a 257-foot light pole in Bridge Square.
James J. Hill’s Stone Arch Bridge opens, bringing passenger trains into the heart of downtown Minneapolis.
The Lower Dam hydroelectric plant is built and leased to the Twin City Rapid Transit Company.
The last sawmill located at the falls shuts down.
Peak year of Minneapolis flour production, averaging 49,000 barrels per day.
Saw milling above the falls draws to a close.
"Betty Crocker" is created as a way to answer an outpouring of baking questions from customers who participated in a Gold Medal picture puzzle promotion.
Many flour mills are dismantled; bridges and railroad trestles are cleared from the district.
Lower St. Anthony Lock and Dam opens.
Northern States Power becomes the sole licensee of waterpower at the falls.
Upper St. Anthony Falls Lock and Dam is completed, opening the river above the falls to navigation.
Washburn A Mill closes.
Poppin’ Fresh, the Pillsbury Doughboy, is born.
Fuji Ya restaurant opens, built atop flour mill ruins. It is the first step in the redevelpment of the riverfront for non-industrial uses.
St. Anthony Falls Historic District is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Pracna on Main restaurant opens in a rehabbed Main Street saloon building.
Last passenger trains cross the Stone Arch Bridge.
Washburn A Mill is designated a National Historic Landmark.
Stone Arch Bridge reopens for bicycles and pedestrians.
St. Anthony Falls Heritage Trail opens.
Mill Ruins Park opens.
Mill City Museum opens.
Guthrie Theater and Mill City Farmers Market open.
Upper St. Anthony Falls Lock closes.