Preparedness or Ineptness? American Troops in Battle

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Preparedness or Ineptness? American Troops in Battle

By: Lori Williamson | WW1 Daybook | September 17, 2018

Private Frank Fox from Duluth, Minnesota was killed in action on his second day at the Front. In the aftermath of the Battle of St. Mihiel Fox was hit by shrapnel while in the trenches. His mother, who filled out the Gold Star Roll, believed that the lack of training and desire to simply get bodies to the Front is the reason for her son's death as she notes that he had only began training for the front lines at the beginning of September.


He always claimed to be well cared for in service but was rushed to the front with practically no training (notice dates). He was killed instantly the 2nd day at the front.

"Fox, Frank L." Minnesota Public Safety Commission. Gold Star Roll. Minnesota Historical Society, St Paul, Minnesota. 114.D.4.3B