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Collecting pieces of Minnesota's past for the future


The Minnesota Historical Society preserves and makes available a wide range of materials chronicling Minnesota's history and culture. The goals of the Collections Department are to collect and preserve; provide access and interpretation; and engage in education and outreach. This blog is a tool to share these stories and let people know what is happening in the department.

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WW1 Daybook

A Dance in Town

By: Lori Williamson | WW1 Daybook | March 13, 2018

In this letter to a Miss Palmes, Raymon Bowers writes about what training is like in Jackson, South Carolina. Like a true Minnesotan he complains about the heat a great deal, commenting on the humidity, not being able to use his blankets at night and the lack of rain. He also recounts a trip into town where his company went to a dance. Bowers states that this was the first time he had the opportunity to talk to a girl since he enlisted. This night back in the normal world was special for the soldiers, as they will not get to experience that again for a long while. Bowers also comments on some of the cultural differences in South Carolina versus Minnesota, like that musicians would sometimes change the cadance of the waltz, and that when a dance ended they would take the men by the arm and talk with them around the room instead of sitting down.


Jackson, S.C.
Mar. 13, 1918
My Dear Miss Palmes,
[...] When we'll be shipped, the devil only know. We were told on arriving in 3 weeks and again and again we've heard the same onl story. I'll not attepmt to say when; I will obey however I hope it won't be long. I'm very anxious to get across and then there's the fear of having to stay down here all summer when it will be so beastly hot that a certain place will seem cold comparatively speaking. [...] A week ago tonight our company went to town and had a great time at a dance. There were plenty of girls and good music and everyone had a great time. They dance down here much the same as they do up north, one peculiarity is that during a waltz they sometimes change the time increasing or decreasing the cadence. Perhaps the most unusual thing is on finishing a dance, the girl takes the boys arm and around and around the hall you go, they rarely sit down between dance: but promenade instead. [...] Lights out in ten minutes so I guess I'll have to stop. I hope this finds the entire Hist. staff well & the weather as fine as it could be.
As ever

Citation: Raymon Bowers Papers. Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, Minnesota. P111

"U.S. Troops Again Raid German Positions" and "British Foil Hun Raids Near Arras" - The Duluth Herald. March 12, 1918

By: Lori Williamson | WW1 Daybook | March 12, 2018

Stained Glass Fragment from Reims Cathedral

By: Lori Williamson | WW1 Daybook | March 11, 2018

This stained glass window fragment was recovered from the ruins of the Reims Cathedral in France. It was discovered by Frances Rogers while she was working as an ambulance driver for the American Fund for French Wounded. The Reims Cathedral was a beautiful piece of architecture that was unfortunately destroyed over the course of the war. Early on in the war, the Cathedral was set abaze by German artillery, shattering its beautiful and ornate stained glass windows. It would come under fire again and again throughout the war, destroying everything but the stone walls of the Cathedral. The Allies used the burning of the Cathedral as propaganda to portray the Germans as barbaric men who had no regard for culture.


Citation: Minnesota Historical Society Collections. 8594.2

"German Lunge is Beaten Back" and "Russian Troop Ships are Sunk" - The Daily People's Press. March 10, 1918

By: Lori Williamson | WW1 Daybook | March 10, 2018

Gas Exposure

By: Lori Williamson | WW1 Daybook | March 9, 2018

Gold Star Roll of First Class Private Louis Sayer. Included is a letter misdated 3/9/1917 as it is from his time in the hospital after he was gassed in the Battle of Toul on February 28, 1918. He was in the hospital until March 10th and then returned to war. Sayer was killed in action in June, 1918, by an exploding gas shell, and buried in a Paris cemetary.


Mar. 9 1917
Dear Folks:-
Rec'd your letter of the 2 of Jan a few days ago. and was glad to hear from you. I have been in the Hospital the last 10 days or so or would have answered sooner. I got some of the Boche gas the last time we were up to the front, but I don't think it will hurt me any as I didn't get very much. am feeling as fit as ever now. Things were pretty lively up there lately. you probably read about it in the papers. Two of my old Bismark chums got killed. Well how is Clem & Hank[?]

Citation: "Sayer, Louis C." Minnesota Public Safety Commission. Gold Star Roll. Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, Minnesota. 114.D.4.6F

"Men and Women Will Hold Equal Power in New National Party" and Russian Troops Strike Back at Teutons, Who Agreed to Hald Advance, and Retake Jamburg" - The Duluth Herald. March 8, 1918

By: Lori Williamson | WW1 Daybook | March 8, 2018

"American's Hold 8 Miles of Trench" and "Year's Draft to Total 800,000 Men" - Freeborn County Standard. March 7, 1918

By: Lori Williamson | WW1 Daybook | March 7, 2018

Pershing's Hundred Heroes

By: Lori Williamson | WW1 Daybook | March 6, 2018

On March 6th, 1918, the funeral for Theodore Petersen was held. He was a member of the 151st Field Artillery in the medical detatchment; he died on March 5 from an abdomen wound he received in action. He was cited as one of General Pershing's Hundred Heroes for continuing to care for his comrades after being mortally wounded. Peterson received the Croix de Guerre and Distinguished Service Cross for his brave actions.


Citation: "Petersen, Theodore" Minnesota Public Safety Commission. Gold Star Roll. Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, Minnesota. 114.D.4.5B

Sabra Hardy: Part 2

By: Lori Williamson | WW1 Daybook | March 5, 2018

In this letter home, Sabra Hardy tells mer mother about life at Camp Travis. She thanks her for the cookies and candy she sent, stating that the other girls there throughly enjoyed them. Hardy also updates her mother about what is going on in the ward, stating that a new ward with 800 beds is being built, and comments several times about how hot is is in Texas. While this letter may seem a bit mondane, it gives detailed insight as to what it was like for women during the war. They faced many of the same challenged that the men did, battling with heat and illness, though these things are not often recognized. Women took on many leadership roles during the war, and wanted to serve their country just as the soldiers did. In this letter it is clear that Hardy was very patriotic and that she was extremely proud of the work she was doing.


Mar. 5, '18
Dear mother:-
[...] The sun just scorches. I never saw such a place in my life. I can't wear any coat but very seldom & then in the evening when I ride or drive with Lieutenant. Walking a coat is unendurable. I've completely lost my appetite, it's too hot to eat & I'm just getting over earaches that have gone along c my bronchitis & the bronchitis is getting a little better this wk. I hunted up a new doctor & he gave me the right medicine & told me what to do and its working already. I've lost from 186 to 168 lb. since I came here but I was too fat and can afford to. [...] I'm not working too hard this last two wks. We transfered a lot of pts. to other wards & are only going to keep type II of pneumonia in this ward now. So we only have 19 patients yet & they all but 4 are convalescing & we are 3 nurses & 3 ward men. They haven't decided who goes across yet, so no telling. We have 10 nurses here now & are to have 140. They are building wards with 800 beds now in addition & we have 38 or 39 wards already. [...]
Your daughter

Citation: "Hardy, Sabra R." Minnesota Public Safety Commission. Gold Star Roll. Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, Minnesota. 114.D.4.3B

"Kill 5 Sammies in Gas Attack" and "Russians Hurl Teutons Back" - The Daily People's Press. February 28, 1918

By: Lori Williamson | WW1 Daybook | February 28, 2018


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