The Minnesota Historical Society preserves and makes available a wide range of materials chronicling Minnesota's history and culture. The goals of the Collections Department are to collect and preserve; provide access and interpretation; and engage in education and outreach. This blog is a tool to share these stories and let people know what is happening in the department.
This thank you letter was sent by Private George L. Bucklin to the Saint Paul Chapter of the American Red Cross to thank them for everything the Red Cross does for soldier; from providing them with Comfort Kits to giving soldiers knit wear when things get cold, to welcoming soldiers to their new home and reminding them of their old ones.
Fort Benjamin Harrison, Ind.
June 12, 1918.
St. Paul Chapter American Red Cross,
We, the Regiment to which I am fortunate enough to belong, expect to leave before the month for "Over There", and before leaving I want to thank the American Red Cross, and St. Paul Chapter, for the wonderful work they are doing.
I inlisted [sic] in St. Paul April 16th and had use for my Comfort Kit almost at once, for one used his drinking cup about the first thing, and from that time on it seems there is something in that little Kit that comes in handy every day, and invariable it is something that not one man in a hundred would think of buying until he needed it. It seems about the last one a soldier sees is a Red Cross representative when leaving home, and they are the first to greet him inhis [sic] new home. [...] Thanking you again and again for what you have done for me, and assuring you every soldier feels the same as I do towards the Red Cross and Y.M.C.A., and wishing you double the reward you are sure to receive for doing your "Bit" by helping to send a happy, healthy, clean, bunch of men "Over There" I am.
Pvt. Geo. L. Bucklin,
Citation: American Red Cross, Northern Division, records, 1915-1921. Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, Minnesota. P781
On this date in 1873, Rocky Mountain locusts crossed into Minnesota and began destroying crops in the southwestern part of the state. Relief efforts were organized to keep the settlers from starving; the locusts return for the next four years, finally leaving in August 1877.
Learn more in the MNopedia article.
This is an excerpt from the diary of Edward Gilkey which was taken off his fallen body and returned to his parents by his commanding officer First Sergeant Clifford Brundage, after he was struck by a high explosive shell in The Second Battle of the Marne. His parents had the diary published in memory of their son. In this entry, Gilkey talks about riding the train into Paris. He comments on the beautiful scenery, but his views of the city are tainted when he gets to the station. He states there were several young children, (which he calls urchins,) selling a plethora of different things. The soldiers were swarmed by them the moment they stepped off the train.
Tuesday, June 11 - Train stopped for breakfast about eight o'clock, didn't cover much ground because of some delay to a train in front of us, headed in direction of Havre, but turned off for Paris, which city we reached about 4:30, twenty kilos before we reached Paris the country became more beautiful the villages gave way to homes, more like those in the states, being scattered and not grouped, houses more beautiful and grounds more luxurious, extensive, beautiful gardens which were carefully taken care of, I got a seat on one of the wagons, and had a fine tour, greeted by Mdlles ["Mesdemoiselles"] all along the way while near Paris, stations crowded with pretty Mdlles, dressed in best styles, they sure did give us a royal send off, we sang and yelled all the way to Paris, we only went through the St. Denis section, but got a good view of Paris, of the Eiffel Tower and Notre Dame Cathedral, part we passed through wasn't much different from the railroad yards of any large American City, stopped for half an hour, was beseiged [sic] by urchins and girls selling wines, oranges, ect., if the fellows had been paid they would sure have done some business, people sure some excited, kids dirty and barefooted run along side of train begging for souvenirs and cigarettes, finally left Paris, disappointed with what we had seen of it, from Paris headed in general direction of Rheims, through the Marne country here thickly wooded and very thinly populated, we arrived at Monturail at 10:30 but stayed in box cars 'till morning.
Citation: Gilkey, Edward. Edward Norman Gilkey: His Diary of His LIfe in the War Zone, France. Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, Minnesota. 114.D.4.3B
Willard W. Bixby, an ambulance driver for the Red Cross, sent this letter to his Mother while stationed in Milan, Italy. In it, he describes his duties as a driver, such as transporting wounded soldiers between the front lines and different hospitals and rotating with other drivers to stay on the front lines in case there is a need for an ambulance. He reassures his family by telling them he is in little danger as an ambulance driver, aside from gas attacks, and he mentions that all drivers have gas masks to protect themselves. Half-way through the letter, Bixby comments that his pen "gave out".
Included are three photographs, one of Bixby and his friends on their way home, another of an armored car that was blown up only 30 minutes after the picture was take, and a photograph of Bixby sitting on his ambulance on a Saturday night.
"A last examination to the machine guns of an armored car, before it makes a dash through the Austrian lines. Half an hour after this picture was taken, this car was annihilated, only one of its four occupants escaping."
Citation: Willard W. Bixby and Family Papers. Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, Minnesota. A/.B624
This entry depicts an average day in the life of a soldier. Most of the time it was a lot of sitting around and small excitements to make the days go by. The only thing of note that happened to Fraser today was that he saw some cute girls at the Y in the evening; otherwise it was a very uneventful day.
Rain in morn. Did some more packing. 5 Harrow sisters were at the "Y" in the evening were fair.
Citation: William K Fraser Diary. Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, Minnesota. P1943
Paul Thompson wrote this letter to his sister describing his stay in Italy. He announces that he has been named as the Director of Physical Training for the district of Rome - and expects to have business cards made stating such. He is asking his sister to send viewpoints of the war from the American perspective, (if it is allowed,) as he is curious to hear how those who are not fighting in the war feel about it.
Your letter of May 4 came in today and I was much relieved to find that you knew I did not sail in the torpedoed boat. [...] I could have sailed on that boat but my trunk was at Muele Ge guie [sic] and I didn't have time to get it after I learned the boat was to sail. So I lost an interesting experience altho there were two encounters with submarines by a destroyer on our trip - one of which I stood on the deck and saw. I am now director of Physical Training for the district of Rome. In a few days I will have business cards printed to that effect. [...] You can imagine the job I would have if I were in charge of all military athletics at Mpls & Ft. Snelling. Then add to that all kinds of hospitals for all kinds of sick and wounded and the worst to be done by interpreter and you will get an idea of what I am to tackle. I am to start out at once to organize athletic committees in the military units and start the work going. [...] You had better consult the postmaster about sending printed matter to me here. If it is allowed you can help me a great deal by sending pictures and books of American views as these are of much interest to the people here. [...]
My best wishes to you all.
Your loving brother,
Citation: Paul Thompson Papers. Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, Minnesota. A/T475 4/19-8/19
The buttons used on military uniforms were very representative of their country. Pictured here are military uniform buttons from Australia, Great Britain, Canada, France, Germany, and the United States. It is not hard to tell where each button is from just by looking at it. The Australian button has the outline of the country; the British depicts the crest of the monarchy. The Canadian, French, and German all have emblems referring to their monarchical history. And the US button bears the crest of the United States. These ornate buttons served as reminders to the men wearing them of what they were fighting for. Their individuality also made them a common souvenir picked up by soldiers abroad.
Citation: Minnesota Historical Society Collections