The Minnesota Historical Society preserves and makes available a wide range of materials chronicling Minnesota's history and culture. The goals of the Collections Department are to collect and preserve; provide access and interpretation; and engage in education and outreach. This blog is a tool to share these stories and let people know what is happening in the department.
Gold Star Roll for Elwyn Johnson of Strandquist, a town in Marshall County, who died of Influenza-Pneumonia at Camp Dodge. His file includes copies of letters, a photo, telegrams, the medical tag attached to him in the hospital and a proclamation sent from the mayor of his town declaring the town closed from 2-4 pm on April 19, 1918 for Johnson's funeral.
Citation: "Johnson, Elwyn J." Minnesota Public Safety Commission. Gold Star Roll. Minnesota Historical Society, St Paul, Minnesota. 114.D.4.4F
This letter from a citizen to Senator Knute Nelson included a newspaper clipping advocating for the conscription of Women into the Army. The clipping argues that women will not be able to fully contribute to the war effort until they are allowed to serve. The author of the letter supports this idea, stating that women should do whatever they can to aid the war. The author of the letter is also hoping to be appointed to a position that would have the power to make this a reality, and they are asking Senator Nelson to appoint them to said position.
Apr. 18 1918
Enclosed clipping from last night's Minneapolis Journal. I think Dr. Anna Shaw is Chairman of the Woman's Central Com, upon which I am hoping to serve. She expresses my views in that woman in order to do efficient work, but be especially trained to do all things, and that is why I am seeking this appointment. I have made a life long study of Textile and have actually done this work. I know most of the woman are sincere and earnest and trying to do their level best to save their country, and I do not want to cast reflections upon any one, but I know at the present time there is no member of the Central Cou. who has an understanding of the importance of the work that I would do. [...]
Yours Truly, H.C. Olberg
CONSCRIPTION OF U.S. WOMEN SEEN
Dr. Anna Howard Shaw Predicts Enfranchisement and Industrial Army
[...ianapolis,] April 17. - "The government has a right to conscript women just as it had conscripted men--after it has made them citizens. There will then be two armies--a men's army and a women's army. Not until women are organized this way, under governmental authority, will women reach their maximum efficiency in war service, and this time will not come until the United States is in the thick of the fight." [...] Women must do not what they want to do but what they are especially fitted to do, and they must be trained in technical schools.
Citation: Knute Nelson Papers. Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, Minnesota. 144.I.13.5 Box 28
This letter from the Minneapolis Chapter of the American Red Cross describes the uniform for their motor corps, which at the time was not standardized. The motor corps itself was not standardized either, though actions were moving toward standardization. Their uniforms were based off the Washington branch's, but used breeches in the winter instead of short skirts, and was made out of rubberized material in winter for extra warmth.
My dear Mrs. O'Donnell,
I have at hand your letter of inquiry regarding the Red Cross Motor Corps. I enclose a statement of our organization and work as it has shaped itself here, [...] I enclose also a booklet concerning uniforms which he gave me. We patterned our uniforms after Washington's but use a rubberized material because it is better adapted to our cold winters. Recently Washington changed riding breeches to short skirts under the coats. We have not found it necessary to change and the breeches are warmer and more convenient. The Motor wheel worn on the sleeve is something new and the Northern Division hasn't them in stock yet. You can procure them there later. We have chosen for out summer informs a dress of gray Hawaiian cloth made as near as possible like the coats, black sailor hats with the cross worn on the band in front. The dress of course is a little longer than the coat as the puttees are too hot for summer. Up to date each Corps seems to have organized as it saw fit and chosen its uniform more or less locally and independently. The movement now on foot to draw them all to-gether nationally I am sure will meet with general approval. [...]
Chairman Mpls Motor Corps
Citation: American Red Cross, Northern Division, records, 1915-1921. Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, Minnesota. P781
Paul Thompson writes to his sister Ruth to tell her some more specifics about his impending trip to Italy. He writes that the Italian government has requested the YMCA work with them to strengthen morale and "further friendly relations" between the US and Italian governments.
April 16, 1918
In any [acc...] it will be sufficient to say that I am with about 50 others - mostly business men recruited all the way from Cal. to NY - all being sent to Italy by the YMCA at the request of the Italian government to work with the Italian army for the purpose of strengthening their morale and furthering the present friendly relations between Italy and the US. [...]
Citation: Paul Thompson Papers. Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, Minnesota. A/T476 4/19-8/19
"British Fight Germans to a Standstill" and "Trying to Keep Stars on Flag All Blue" The Duluth Herald, April 15th, 1918
"Allies Holding as Crisis Looms" and "Britains Told to Stand Firm" - The Daily People's Press. April 14, 1918
"Battle Line is Now One Hundred and Fifty Miles Long" and "Must Fight to the End Haig Tells Army" - Rochester Daily Post and Record. April 13, 1918
This letter was sent out to presidents, trial judge advocates and assistant trial judge advocates involved in court martials at Camp Dodge, Iowa. It states that the Court Martial process is moving too slowly because the acquisition of the documents is taking too long. The letter goes on to say that document acquisition should not take more than one week and that those who cannot make that timeline work will no longer be employed.
TO ALL PRESIDENTS, TRIAL JUDGE ADVOCATE AND ASSISTANT TRIAL JUDGE ADVOCATE OF GENERAL COURTS MARTIAL.
Greater promptness in trying cases before general courts martial is essential. It is considered that no case forwarded for trial should be delayed longer than one week from the date of its receipt by the Trial Judge Advocate, and written explanation of cause for delay in the trial of any case for a longer period will be made by the Trial Judge Advocare concerned, and such explanation will be made through the President of the Court, to this office. Presidents of courts martial are enjoined to permit no delay that is possibly avoidable. [...]
Altogether too much time is being taken up in the preparation of records. Presidents of courts martial and Trial Judge Advocates will see to it that records of trial, properly checked and authenticated are in the hands of the Division Judge Advocate within one week from the date of the trial, and reporters who cannot furnish completed records within that time will not be employed. [...]
By command of the Brigadier General Getty:
Citation: U.S. Army, 350th Infantry Regiment, Co. G, records 1917-1919. Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, Minnesota. BG6/.U584/350th
Dennis J. Banks was born on Leech Lake Indian Reservation on this day in 1937. An Indian activist, he would become one of the founders of the American Indian Movement (AIM) in 1968 along with Clyde and Vernon Bellecourt (from White Earth Reservation) and George Mitchell. This patch is from 1973.
See it in Collections Online.