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Collecting pieces of Minnesota's past for the future


The Minnesota Historical Society preserves and makes available a wide range of materials chronicling Minnesota's history and culture. The goals of the Collections Department are to collect and preserve; provide access and interpretation; and engage in education and outreach. This blog is a tool to share these stories and let people know what is happening in the department.

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"Supplies and Horses Arrive" and "German U-Boats Attack American Fleet on way to France; Driven Off" - The Duluth Herald. July 4, 1917.

By: Lori Williamson | WW1 Daybook | July 4, 2017

Fourth of July Railroad

By: Lori Williamson | Item of the Day | July 4, 2017

This black and white photograph is from 1895 showing a Great Northern Railway locomotive decorated for the Fourth of July holiday.

For more information or to purchase a photograph of this item, view this photograph in our collections database.

US Army Military Uniform

By: Lori Williamson | WW1 Daybook | July 3, 2017

Sergeant First Class Ernest B.L. Eckberg of Minneapolis, Minnesota, served with the U.S. Army’s 79th Division during World War I. His soldier’s uniform consisted of four parts: a coat, trousers, belt, and hat. The belt is made of brown cloth, while the coat, trousers, and hat are made from green wool, which is quite brown in appearance. Eckberg’s coat features a name pin on the right breast pocket, and its arms are embellished with a number of patches: a military chevron on each sleeve and a 79th Division patch, a cross of Lorraine, on the left shoulder. The breech style trousers, which feature buttons along the calves, match the color of the coat.

Citation: 2011.101.1.A-D

Fond du Lac License Plate

By: Lori Williamson | Item of the Day | July 3, 2017

This is a Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa license plate. First issued in 1987.

Philip Longyear's Progress in Medical Corps Training

By: Lori Williamson | WW1 Daybook | July 2, 2017

Philip Longyear of Excelsior, Minnesota again writes to his family from his Medical Corps training camp in Allentown, Pennsylvania. He tells his mother that the past few days have been more relaxed than he anticipated, and recruits have had ample opportunity to see concerts downtown and entertain themselves inside their camp. Recently, the Pasadena unit used their German Red Cross dogs as entertainment for the other recruits. In their demonstration, one man would volunteer to run a great distance and lie down in the field. Then, the German dogs would be given an article of that man’s clothing, and in a matter of minutes, they would locate the “wounded” man. These dogs were to be used in the “no-man’s land” between enemy trenches. At the end of his letter, Longyear returns to more serious considerations of his military duties, and he confesses his worry that he will be too squeamish to provide first-aid at the front.


Allentown, Pa., July 2, 1917.
Dear Mother:-
[...] Yesterday there must have been 10,000 people out here seeing the sights. The Pasadena unit, which has a couple German red cross dogs, got them out working for entertainment. They are the most wonderful trained animals I ever saw. One of the men would hold the dogs at one end of the half mile race track and another man would sneak away up to the other end and lie down in the grass with his hat beside him. Then the first man would let the dogs smell some article which the other had touched and say, "Go get", pointing in the direction. Off they would go, zigzagging till one of them would sight the fallen man and rush toward him. The dog would grab the man's hat and carry it back to the first man, put his paws on his chest and hand him the hat. They are to be used in No-man's land. They look just like a pair of wolves. [...] Our lecture this morning was how to treat burns, etc. It looks as though we might have to do some of that first aid work. I don't think I will shine too much at it or find it too agreeable. [...]
Lots of love,

"British Fighting for Lens" and "To Teach Germans Humility" - The Daily People's Press. July 1, 1917

By: Lori Williamson | WW1 Daybook | July 1, 2017

From Dayton’s to Macy’s: Documenting the End of an Era

By: Lori Williamson | Collections Up Close | June 30, 2017

When you work at a museum, you might find yourself in a room full of lifeless animatronic body parts. It’s not a regular occurrence, but it can happen when over 50 years of holiday tradition is coming to a close. That’s how my colleagues and I found ourselves rifling through piles of characters from Macy’s (née Dayton’s) 8th Floor Auditorium shows including the Nutcracker, Cinderella, Pinocchio, Harry Potter, Alice in Wonderland, and many more. In mid-February 2017, we arrived at 700 Nicollet Avenue in Minneapolis to find a final clearance sale in full swing, with parts of the grand old department store already shut down. A 115-year legacy would end in mere weeks, and Minnesota Historical Society (MNHS) curators were in the building to help preserve a bit of that legacy.



Room full of animatronics at Macy’s: Feb. 10, 2017

Back in 1902, George Draper Dayton built a six-story building that served as the flagship location for the Dayton Dry Goods Company, later renamed the Dayton Company. Dayton’s grew into an upscale regional chain that acquired several other large retailers over the years and spawned Target Corporation before rebranding as Marshall Field's in 2001, followed by a sale and merger resulting in the Macy’s name change in 2006. Dayton’s was a Minnesota institution, and after the store’s impending closure was announced in January 2017, Macy’s staff recognized the significance of the move and contacted MNHS to make a donation.


Over the years MNHS has amassed a significant collection of Dayton’s-related material, from artifacts to photographs, and from manuscript material to published works about the business and its founding family. The focus for the MNHS Collection is on Dayton's as a Minnesota company, with selective documentation of the Dayton's traditions Marshall Field's and Macy's kept alive. Highlights range from an early delivery wagon to a 1998 shopping bag, and from nineteenth century family correspondence to 1940s store display photographs.


In 2001, when Dayton’s stores were first renamed during the Marshall Field’s transition, MNHS acquired signage removed from the flagship building. When the call came in 2017, curators were curious to find out what new treasures would surface. The goal of the curatorial team's visit was to augment the existing Collection, keep the focus on the Dayton’s years, and be judicious in our selections. No museum can or should preserve everything it’s offered. Storage space is precious and there is no shortage of stories in need of preservation for future generations. With that in mind, and the valuable guidance of seasoned Macy’s staff, we began our tour through the upper floors.


The food department offered menus from various restaurants within the store, a sign from the Oak Grill, chocolate boxes, and a copper kettle from the Candy Kitchen. Macy’s staff compiled a series of Dayton News newsletters, a selection of shopping bags, as well as a commemorative plate depicting 20 years of the ever-popular Santabear. The bulk of the material the staff had gathered was related to decades of 8th Floor Auditorium shows — including artist renderings, drawings, floor plans, press kits, and posters, as well as a veritable sea of animatronic figures.



Selected donated items

Curators quickly developed selection criteria to limit the number of figures under consideration. We discussed only major characters in the best possible condition that would have cross-generational appeal or some other significance. This criteria brought us to three figures: Pinocchio, Cinderella, and Professor Severus Snape. Pinocchio and Cinderella are obvious enough choices, but Snape fit into another category. The Harry Potter book series was first brought to life in three dimensions by Dayton’s staff for their 2000 holiday show under a contract with Warner Brothers. This unique local connection to an international cultural phenomenon brought Snape to the top of our list.



Selected animatronics

After curatorial deliberation and final decisions from the MNHS Acquisitions Committee, we moved the new additions from the ever-emptying Macy’s store to the Minnesota History Center, where they will be processed and preserved. Once the donation is fully cataloged, the artifacts will be available to view in the Collections Online database and the paper materials will be open to researchers through the Gale Family Library.


Many sincere thanks to all the Macy’s staff who made this acquisition possible, particularly:

  • Paul Lopacinski
  • Liam Schafer
  • Andrea Schwartz


- Sondra Reierson, Associate Curator of 3D Objects


Animatronics arrive at MN History Center: Feb. 23, 2017

Gold Star Roll: Private Dwight R. Smithson - June 30, 1917

By: Lori Williamson | WW1 Daybook | June 30, 2017

Today marks the one-hundredth anniversary of Private Dwight R. Smithson’s death while serving with the Canadian Expeditionary Forces in France. A native of Stillwater, Minnesota, Smithson immigrated to Saskatchewan, Canada as an adult. At the outbreak of war, he volunteered to serve in the CEF along with the British Expeditionary Forces. In addition to being passionate about nature, Smithson was quite musically talented, and he even played in the 96th Battalion’s band before being transferred to another unit. At the time of his death, Smithson was serving in the 15th Battalion near Martincourt in Northeastern France. His squad of seven attempted to move to a post closer to the front, but they came under enemy fire, and Smithson was killed along with five other members of his squad. Smithson’s Gold Star Roll description paints him as a quiet but friendly individual with strong convictions. The description ends, “He was very peace-loving and enlisted reluctantly, but it is said by his comrades, he was afraid of nothing.”


Hamm’s Tank

By: Lori Williamson | Item of the Day | June 30, 2017

This photograph is of a new tank being installed at the Hamm's Brewing Company on February 19, 1954.

This image forms part of our Minneapolis and St. Paul Newspaper Negative collection. Additional photographs in this series may be available in the library, please view the finding aid for more.

For more information or to purchase a photograph of this item, view this photograph in our collections database

Twins Button

By: Lori Williamson | Item of the Day | June 29, 2017

This circular green pin-back button is from the 1987 Minnesota Twins World Series games against the Saint Louis Cardinals, manufactured by WinCraft of Winona, Minnesota.

For more information or to purchase a photograph of this item, view this button in our collections database.