The Minnesota Historical Society preserves and makes available a wide range of materials chronicling Minnesota's history and culture. The goals of the Collections Department are to collect and preserve; provide access and interpretation; and engage in education and outreach. This blog is a tool to share these stories and let people know what is happening in the department.
Today's Item of the Day is the book by Kim Heikkila called Sisterhood of War: Minnesota Women in Vietnam. Heikkila will be the guest at tonight's History Lounge at the Minnesota History Center to talk about these women's experiences and stories.
In this diary entry David Backus recounts being unable to fly due to the weather, so he had target practice shooting at pigeons, (possibly clay pigeons). He didn't seem to do too well, only hitting three of the first 25 and 6 of the next 25.
Tuesday April 9 - 18
Out 6- breakfast[.] Berty and I went to Spiral Field- only flew an hour celing [sic] got too low had to quit and neither of us got up. Shot at 50 birds got 3 out of first 25[.] 6 out of next string. Letter from Kit- Well 7 of them went on a small voyage 5 out of 7 got lost- 3 of them- smashed one one chap smashed his arm. Lulu is not back yet- got lost once- guess he is lost again.
Citation: David Backus Collection. Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, Minnesota. 102.I.4.7B-2
This pamphlet was produced in April, 1918, by the Minnesota Woman Suffrage Association to inform women of the extent of equal suffrage in the world. The document includes three different categories, "Woman have Full Suffrage," "Women have a Large Degree of Suffrage," and "Women have School or Tax Suffrage," meaning women were allowed to vote on matters regarding education and taxation. At the time of publication, women in Minnesota only had school and tax suffrage.
Citation: Minnesota Woman Suffrage Association. Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, Minnesota. P1518
J.G. Purple sent this letter to Senator Knute Nelson to chastise him and the rest of the United States Government about their lack of action against spies during the war. Purple claims that the Government simply gives them a slap on the wrist and tell them they've been "naughty" and then lets them go. Purple is clearly extremely upset about this and states that this "riles" him up. He also included a sensationalist newspaper clipping stating that the city of Philadelphia had created an air torpedo that could level the city of Berlin and end the war in 30 days. Purple is again extremely frustrated that the Government has not used this weapon and states that he sees that the majority of Congress is Pro-German.
Hon. Knute Nelson,
I am only an ordinary citizen, with millions of others, watching the great struggle. I have been wondering with them at our Government's apparents laxity in the matter of dealing with spies. [...] It seems beyond belief that after three and a half years of war the United States cannot deal with spied as they are dealt with in every other country in the world. Clemenceau has ordered "Pro-Germans shot," but the United States, to use the phrase of one of these newspaper items, simply says, "Naughty, naughty," slaps them on the wrist and either interns them, puts them under bond or frees them entirely. It riles me to even see one of these "sugar babies" or "sugar hogs" kicking and making a fuss about not getting enough sugar at a restaurant or hotel, but when a bomb thrower or incendiary or spy isn't taken out and shot when arrested, I am good and peeved. I am wondering if you would be kind enough to tell me whether anything will be done about this. Then, please note the air torpedo item herewith. If one didn't know better it would seem as though the majority in both the Senate and the House were pro-German, if a circumstance of this kind has come to their notice with no action being taken. Assuring you of my appreciation of your faithful work, I am
Yours very truly,
Women's evening cap of purplish red velvet consists of five overlapping bands which are fashioned into a rim having five points. It was worn by a Saint Paul Woman in 1952.
See it in Collections Online.
Philip Longyear sent this letter to his mother on April 6 from "Somewhere in France", where he recounts his first impressions of France. He comments on how lush and green the countryside it, and tells a story about his interaction with French children. He states that he had some chewing gum in his pocket that he gave out to the children who followed his company through town and that he immediately became the most popular soldier there. He even says that one little girl followed him for quite a while; she walked with him while holding on to his finger and he even put her on his shoulders for a while.
Somewhere in France
Apr. 6, 1918.
At last we are here. I suppose you have already heard by various ways that I am here. We have just had the censorship rules read to us and I am quite discouraged as to what I can write, but will do my best. You will have to use your imagination as to what I omit. [...] This is the most beautiful and picturesque country I ever saw. The grass is bright green, the trees are all coming out, and it is as warm as summer [...] A whole army of little children ran along side of us jabbering away, asking for pennies. [...] I had a dollars worth of gum, but found it stale so started passing it out to the children. I immediately became as popular as Santa Clause. [...] You would have laughed yourself sick seeing this huge mob of little boys and girls completely surrounding me, hanging to my coat tails to keep up with the pace. I happened to be the only one near who could speak any French at all and this also pleased them. One little girl in particular ran along with me for a long ways, holding onto my finger. [...] I was quite surprised how easily I understood her when I got her slowed down to about a hundred words a second. She was very bright and answered a lot of questions I managed to say in French. I let her ride on my shoulder for quite a ways and she had the time of her life. When I finally put her down she said, 'J'aime les Americains tres bien! Au Revoir" and ran off with her wooden shoes, clicking on the pavement. [...]
Love to all,
Citation: Edmund Joseph Longyear and Family Papers. Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, Minnesota. A .L860 Box 2
In this letter to his sister Ruth, Paul Thompson tells his sister that he will be going to serve in Italy on a new special mission. He says that in preparation for this he has been asked to learn Italian and has been told that the mission has a diplomatic nature. He will first be heading to New Jersey to attend an Italian Conference, and will then head to Rome, which he calls the eternal city.
Apr. 4 - 18
Here is surprising news, I expect to go to Italy. When I reported yesterday they looked over my blank and immediately saw the word Italy. Then they were very anxious to have me go to Italy. Either I made a good impression or they were giving me Taffy for they said they wanted to send their best men to Italy. That they had a lot of preachers but they couldn't use them with either the French or Italian armies. There are only EJ men in Italy now - it is a new work especially requested by the Italian government. They further said that it was also in the nature of a diplomatic job to keep the armies of Italy friendly to our gov't and that I [...] be given a commission without rank - Whatever that is [...] So - on to the Eternal City. What do you think of it?
Citation: Paul Thompson Papers. Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, Minnesota. A/T475 4/19-8/19