The Minnesota Historical Society preserves and makes available a wide range of materials chronicling Minnesota's history and culture. The goals of the Collections Department are to collect and preserve; provide access and interpretation; and engage in education and outreach. This blog is a tool to share these stories and let people know what is happening in the department.
"Tells of Brave Girls" and "Americans Capture Vaux; Hit Every House; Take 450" - Bemidji Daily Pioneer. July 2, 1918
This postcard is very much of its time, promoting the vacation joys of canoeing, lakes, and...mining? While all are important aspects of the Northeastern Minnesota economy, both then and now, one doesn't usually see it on a postcard.
See it in Collections Online.
These letters from the American Red Cross dated today discuss trying to increase interest in Red Cross work. This is the approximate date for the starting of the first class of the Army School of Nursing. Students had to be from 21 to 35 years old, have graduated from high school or an equivalent, and have good health. The tuition was free, with the only cost being having to pay for their own uniforms, which could likely be taken out of the $15 monthly allowance. Graduates of the three year course would be put into the Army Nursing Corps as positions opened.
July 1st, 1918
Mr. C.B. Newton, Headmaster of Blake School, has agreed to take charge of our Monthly Bulletin. [...] It is our hope that this bulletin may be made more interesting and serve as a medium of increasing value for furnishing our workers in this city with information and advice which will be helpful and stimulating to their general interest in Red Cross work. [...]
Citation: American Red Cross, Northern Division, records, 1915-1921. Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, Minnesota. [P781]
Fritz Gustafson was a Marine Corps recruiter during the war. In this letter home he talks extensively about how one can serve their country. He recounts an encounter with a man who said he was doing his bit in the war by buying Liberty Bonds. Gustafson asks if there was anything stopping the man from joining the Marine Corps, and he said no. Gustafson criticized the man for not doing more for the war, and claimed that one those who had given their life for their country, those who were buried in the ground in France, were 100% Americans who had done their full duty to their country.
UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS
CENTRAL RECRUITING DIVISION
HEADQUARTERS, DISTRICT OF MISSOURI
ST. LOUIS, MO.
June 30, 1918
[...] Since joining the Marine Corps I have done a great many things that I would never have thought of doing in civil life, but we must do them it is all for the best of the corps, I have soon qualified myself for almost any kind of a job, I have been out amongst many kind [sic] of people and have done a good many different kinds of jobs, [...] the Marines surely does wonders with a man, and when we come back again to our homes we will have worlds of experience, and be benefited by our sojourn in the corps. Even poor recruiters will be better man [sic] they have served an enlistment in the Marine Corps, we are out on the streets every day and meet all sorts of people some of whom are not the best, but whats the difference we are broadning [sic] our minds. Just the day before yesterday I stopped a man on the street, who when I asked him to join the Marines stated that he was doing his bit by purchasing Liberty Bonds and trift [sic] stamps. I then asked him if there were anything in the world to stop him from enlisting, and he said No, I then says "Why dont you enlist in the Marine corps?" He then said that he had done his bit buying bonds. Just that incident caused me to think how much are we really doing to help this war? We think that we are doing all we can, some think that by buying a few bonds that they have done their bit, but I say that there is only one who is 100% American, only one who has done his bit, the American who has given the last full measure of devotion, the man who now lies buried underneath the sunny skies of France. [...]
With warm love from your son,
Fred A Gustafson
Sergeant U.S.M.C. N.C.O.
"1,450,000 Americans to Be Sent to France by August" and "German Planes Pierce Paris Defenses; Bombs Cause Some Damage" - The Minneapolis Morning Tribune. June 27, 1918
Gold Star Roll for Richard Ferrell of Little Falls, Minnesota, who survived getting gassed in the Battle of Belleau Wood and remained with his company until relieved. He then went to a base hospital and was informed he could no longer serve at the front. Ferrell did guard duty behind the front lines until he was sent back to the U.S. in January of 1919. He was not feeling well while on furlough and when he returned to Quantico to await discharge he was diagnosed with acute nephritis (inflammation of the kidneys) and he died.
Citation: "Ferrell, Richard H." Minnesota Public Safety Commission. Gold Star Roll. Minnesota Historical Society, St Paul, Minnesota. 114.D.4.3B