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collections up close Blog

Collecting pieces of Minnesota's past for the future


The Minnesota Historical Society preserves and makes available a wide range of materials chronicling Minnesota's history and culture. The goals of the Collections Department are to collect and preserve; provide access and interpretation; and engage in education and outreach. This blog is a tool to share these stories and let people know what is happening in the department.

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"Allied Troops are Slowly Falling Back" and "Italian Alpini Win Victory on Mountain" - The Duluth Herald. May 29, 1918

By: Lori Williamson | WW1 Daybook | May 29, 2018

Summer, 1960

By: Lori Williamson | Item of the Day | May 29, 2018

This 1960 painting by Florence Parlin is titled "Summer." Does it say summer to you?

Parlin was a member of the Hanicraft Guild in Minneapolis and later founded the Rochester Art Center.

See it in Collections Online.

Loyalty Investigation

By: Lori Williamson | WW1 Daybook | May 28, 2018

When someone applied to work for the Red Cross abroad, they were required to prove their loyalty to the US and the war effort by submitting several letters of recommendation. This document shows the investigation into Miss Mabel Gregory of Saint Paul, summarizing the information received, and stating that none of the references gave any reason to doubt her loyalty. Miss Gregory was, by all accounts, the ideal loyal American who would not succumb to enemy propaganda.


May 28-1918.
[...] Dear Sir:
The loyalty of Miss Mabel Gregory who has applied for a position in stenography work abroad, has been referred to this department for investigation. As a result of this investigation I feel certain that Miss Gregory's loyalty cannot be questioned. I had personal interviews with Mr. Wheeler, Miss Daggy and Miss Chara E Melbye, whose letters accompany this and they all are very empathetic on this matter. Miss Daggy says that from the beginning of the war in 1914, Miss Gregory had been very out spoken in her denunciation of the methods employed by Germany in carrying on the war, and there has never been a time when her sympathies have not been on the side of the Allies.
Mr. Wheeler is Miss Gregory's Employer, and has known her for a long time. I think his letter leaves nothing further to be said. Miss. Belbye is employed in the same office with Miss Gregory, has know her for six years, and is certain that her entire sympathy is enlisted on the side of Allies. She is confident that Miss Gregory would not be susceptible to any enemy propaganda of any any kind, and that she is a thoroughly Loyal American.
Very truly yours,

Citation: American Red Cross, Northern Division, records, 1915-1921. Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, Minnesota. P781

Daydreaming about Summers in Minneapolis

By: Lori Williamson | WW1 Daybook | May 27, 2018

This is an excerpt from the diary of Edward Gilkey which was taken off his fallen body and returned to his parents after he was struck by a high explosive shell in The Second Battle of the Marne. His parents had the diary published in memory of their son. On this date in 1918, Gilkey writes that he went to see the British band play. During the concert, he states he got lost in his thoughts and found himself returning to Minneapolis in the summer, sitting on rooftop gardens or in the park. He says the music, "stirred something in me that had been dead for some time."


Monday, May 27th.-- To work same as Sunday, got through a little earlier; notice on board to be ready to move this afternoon, was countermanded, will move tomorrow afternoon. After supper hiked over to Mieveaux, one kilo, with flag, British band have their daily evening concert. They certainly played good and stirred something in me that has been dead for some time; my thoughts were thousands of miles away in memories of summer evenings spent on the roof gardens and in the parks back in far away Minneapolis.

Citation: Gilkey, Edward. Edward Norman Gilkey: His Diary of His LIfe in the War Zone, France. Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, Minnesota. 114.D.4.3B

"Yankees Down German Planes" and "Italy Will Be Aided" - The Daily People's Press. May 26, 1918

By: Lori Williamson | WW1 Daybook | May 26, 2018

Concerns about the Nonpartisan League

By: Lori Williamson | WW1 Daybook | May 25, 2018

A letter to written to Senator Knute Nelson on May 18th 1918, from Willard Fales, asking what the Republicans are doing about the Nonpartisan league. Fales offers his services to help deal with the situation, saying using quotation marks to hint at a more nefarious meaning.


City, 5/18/18.
Senator Nelson
My dear Senator:-
What do you think of the Nonpartisan League? Must not the Republicans do something? I wonder if the National Chairman, dont [sic] want some “quick” work done for the next two years out among the Farmers in those Western States? (Central.) I have done quite a little “organizing” and “interviewing” work, as I wrote in my last letter. I prefer special work to routine work, and would be glad to talk with you, any how you might set, day or evening.
Very truly,
Willard J. Fales.

Citation: Knute Nelson papers. Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, Minnesota. 144.I.13.5 Box 28

Memorial Day, One Hundred Years Ago

By: Lori Williamson | Item of the Day | May 25, 2018

This photo is of a Memorial Day parade one hundred years ago in 1918. World War I wouldn't end until November of this year.  Note the many flags and the white dresses, the dress color of the suffrage movement.

"Laying and Testing a Trench Cable" and "R.C. War Fund Drive Shows Need of Close Co-Operation" - Bemidji Daily Pioneer. May 24, 1918

By: Lori Williamson | WW1 Daybook | May 24, 2018

Portable Compak Barbecue Grill, 1950 - 1970

By: Lori Williamson | Item of the Day | May 24, 2018

Grilling season is upon us! This Portable Compak Barbecue Grill was made by KOL, Inc.of 2323 Ellis Avenue, St. Paul, ca. 1950 - 1970.

The Horrors of War

By: Lori Williamson | WW1 Daybook | May 23, 2018

John Bowe of Minneapolis served with the French Foreign Legion during the war. These photos he collected offer a dark glimpse into the horrors men faced on the battlefield. The first picture depicts two men sitting in a plane, about to fly over the front lines. The second shows the skeleton of a man who was gassed, still wear his uniform. And the third picture shows the uprooted graves of soldiers.


Boulogny [sic] and observer leaving for a little trip over the lines. Koretsa, Albania

Gassed. May, 1918. Plateau de Craonn Chemin des Dames

Uprooting the dead bodies near. Hurtebise, 1918