The Minnesota Historical Society preserves and makes available a wide range of materials chronicling Minnesota's history and culture. The goals of the Collections Department are to collect and preserve; provide access and interpretation; and engage in education and outreach. This blog is a tool to share these stories and let people know what is happening in the department.
In this letter, Mrs. Charles Jerome offers Mrs. Lowry of the Minneapolis Branch of the American Red Cross the suggestion of vetting applications from women who would want to serve the soldiers by writing letters to them. Specifically Mrs. Jerome suggests that these “true women” serve as “mothers” for the soldiers abroad who do not have their own wives or mothers. The purpose of the letters would be to give “cheer and moral uplift to one who would otherwise be without this sympathy.” Attached to the letter, Mrs. Jerome included a draft of the application the women could fill out, including name, age, religious preference, language, and a pledge to write at least once a week to their soldier.
April 28, 1917
Mrs. Horace Lowry,
Red Cross Society,
My dear Mrs. Lowry:
We are all asking what we can do to help in this crisis. There is a service that many women could render at this time, - a service of no mean importance, as any one acquainted with the social needs of youth will recognize. It is to take, in a certain sense, the place of mothers towards boys who have enlisted and who have neither wives nor mother to write to them while they are in the field or on the sea. [...] The woman would assume the kindly duty of writing frequently to her soldier or sailor boy, of sending him newspapers and shoe strings and the like, - of giving cheer and moral uplift to one who would otherwise be without this sympathy except as it came from his comrades in camp, [...]
Very truly yours,
Mrs. Charles Jerome.
Citation: American Red Cross, Northern Division, records, 1915-1921. Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, Minnesota. [P781]
"Two Home Guard Companies" and "Lines Withstand Strong Assaults" - The Twin City Star. April 27, 1918
Square white rubber base used at the Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington, Minnesota, where the Minnesota Twins played, 1980-81. The base was repainted after each game and was used during the last Twins game at the Metropolitan Stadium on September 30, 1981.
See it in Collections Online.
John Bowe received this letter from Gwendolyn Brodrick in France. Bowe indicates in a note attached to the letter that he met Brodrick at a hospital in Vosges, France. At present, she and her daughter were running an English canteen in France, near the trenches. Brodrick writes that the war has become something bigger than just different nations making alliances and fighting each other, but is now a battle between good and evil, wherein each side has elements of both. In 1920 Brodrick self-published her book, Au Front, in which she describes running the canteen during the war.
April 25, 1918
Your letter, Dated Dec. 9, only reached me the day before yesterday and it gave me great pleasure to have news of you again. I also read with great interest the newspaper cutting which you sent me. You were modest about yourself- for you never told me you had been mayor of your town. This makes me realize better all that you must have given up in order to take part in this war before your adopted country came into it. Certainly America does not do things by halves, once she has made up her mind. It is amazing what she has accomplished in 12 months. I wish I dared tell you of some very fine things of which I have heard lately; things which prove that she has realized the great fact that this war had grown beyond the limits even of nationalities; it is just one huge struggle between the forces of good and evil. Each side contains good and bad elements which go respectively to help each of the two great forces. [...]
Yours very truly,
This lady is a daughter of Lord Middleton member of English House of Lords. I met her in a hospital in the Vosges, snow on ground, she had charge of an English canteen, scrubbed, worked all day, waded to hotil in the snow no heat or fire in rooms
Citation: Bowe, John and Family Papers. Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, Minnesota. P1473
On this date in 1924, a prohibition scandal took place in which two agents were arrested for stealing $100,000 in confiscated liquor that had been stored in a Minneapolis warehouse. Eventually, four agents are suspended and warrants are issued for seven others. This photo is from a police raid on an illegal still operation a year later in 1925.
See it in Collections Online.
In this letter to his pen-pal, William McFarland of the 77th Aero Squadron describes the long hours of work the men put in as they are stationed in Texas. McFarland greatly desires to be sent overseas to fight, even though he mentions that the average life span on a pilot on the front is about four weeks, and the squadrons suffer heavy casualties.
Apr. 25, 1918
Dear Mrs. Wells,
I recd. your most welcome letter and was certainly glad to hear from Minnesota once more and I also want to thank you for the Magazines I have received as I am fond of reading when I get a few minutes to my self then they are passed on to the other boys so you see we are like a family here. [...] we have plenty of work to keep us buisy [sic] we get up at 4:45 a.m. and work till 9 P.m. so you can see how we are working to accomplish what we have started in to do, and I think they are working as hard in other fields as we are here. Fore we realise now that we are up against more than the people though for at the beginning of the war but I hope it is soon over but I am afraid it will be for a few years at the least. [...] I rec'd word from one of our squadrons they have lost sixty five men out of the squadron of one hundred and fifty six you see the average life of a man in the Aero service on the other side is four weeks but I feel as though I am one of the lucky ones and I have no fear but what I will come back. Of course we never can tell but I am aching to take the chance. [...] I am certanly glad to know that the people are as anxious to purchase the Liberty Loan Bonds for the Government must have money and plenty of it to win this war and it goes to show that the people with the money are willing to help us that are willing to fight. [...] I must close for this time and I am always glad to hear from you. I remain as ever a boy with the colors.
77 Aero Squadron
Citation: William McFarland Papers. Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, Minnesota. P120
This fabric panel is spot-stitch decorated with multicolored glass seed beads; possibly Ojibwe. It was collected by Bishop Whipple between 1860 - 1901. The date range is based on the dates Bishop Whipple spent in Minnesota working for various government commissions for Indian Affairs.
See it in Collections Online.
Rocco DiCenzo was an Italian immigrant from Gilbert, Minnesota, who died from wounds received in action on October 6, 1918, in Meuse-Argonne, France. In April, DiCenzo received this mass-produced letter from King George V of England, sent as an attempt to boost morale among American troops. "King George" sent out hundreds of these letters to various soldiers, a reminder of the strong alliance between the United States and Great Britain during this war. DiCenzo wrote a quick note on the back of this letter to his cousin back in Minnesota.
Soldiers of the United States, the people of the British Isles welcome you on your way to take your stand beside the Armies of many Nations now fighting in the Old World the great battle for human freedom. The Allies will gain new heart & spirit in your company. I wish that I could shake the hand of each one of you & bid you God speed on your mission.
Citation: "Dicenzo, Rocco." Minnesota Public Safety Commission. Gold Star Roll. Minnesota Historical Society, St Paul, Minnesota. 114.D.4.2F