The Minnesota Historical Society preserves and makes available a wide range of materials chronicling Minnesota's history and culture. The goals of the Collections Department are to collect and preserve; provide access and interpretation; and engage in education and outreach. This blog is a tool to share these stories and let people know what is happening in the department.
"Germans, Invading Russia Unopposed, Pass Dvina" and "Drafted Men Get Lessons in War at Night School" - The Minneapolis Morning Tribune. February 19, 1918
Happy Presidents' Day! This Vice Presidential seal was created to hang on the front of a podium. It was used by Walter Mondale, who served as the 42nd Vice President of the United States, 1977-1981.
See it in Collections Online.
On this day, Eber Berquist of Otter Tail County received a letter stating that he had been drafted into the US military. The letter states that he must report for duty on the 24th of February, giving him only 6 days to prepare and say goodbye to his friends and family. The letter is written in a way to emphasize the honor attached to being a part of the US military, so as to remind the men receiving the letters that they are heros during this perilous time.
Order of Inductions into Military Service of the United States.
The President of the United States,
To Ebber John Bergquist
Order Number 157 Serial Number 1417
Greeting: Having submitted yourself to a local board composed of your neighbors for the purpose of determining the place and time in which you can best serve the United States in the present emergency, you are hereby notified that you have now been selected for immediate military service.
You will, therefore, report to the local board named below at Div. 2, Henning, Otter Tail Co., Minn., at 4 P.M., on the 24 day of Feb, 1918, for military duty.
From and after the day and hour just names you will be a soldier in the military service of the United States. [...]
Citation: Eber Berquist Papers. Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, Minnesota. P2786
"Sammies Meet Foe Gas Shells" and "Third of U-Boats Sunk" - The Daily People's Press. February 17, 1918
This book is a compilation of letters and diary entries written during the war by Second Lieutenant Granville "Granny" Gutterson of Saint Paul, Minnesota. Granny spent most of the war stationed near Houston, Texas, at the San Leon Aerial Gunnery School. His family had the book published after his death in 1919. In this letter home he writes about being chosen to become a pilot. He cannot contain his excitement, stopping mid sentence to extol and exclamation about being chosen. He then completely forgets what he was talking about earlier and launches into a description of the men who were chosen along with him. Granny is the ideal soldier, excited, passionate, and committed to the cause. While he does seem a bit naive, it is clear that he will do everything possible to assist in the War.
ELLINGTON FIELD, HOUSTON, TEXAS.
February 16, 1918.
I suppose You got my telegram about graduating. I was so darn glad I didn't know what to do. Because of Washington's Birthday, we took our finals a day ahead of time. They gave us twenty-four hours notice, but caught about forty fellows "Asleep at the Switch." They called us all into a room and gave us a little talk about wishing they could read off more names, but "some have scholastic difficulties detaining them," etc. They strung us along for a while and then--(Hurrah! I interrupted by orders telling me my flying begins to-mor-row, seven to ten. Say! Maybe I'm not happy!) Well--to go back-- I sure am lucky! After all the talk they picked only fifteen men to go to the flying field and they were the highest from both academic and military standpoints. The major said we should feel real honored, and I do. There are two cadet captains, three first lieutenants and four second lieutenants in the crowd, so I'm in fast company. I should worry! I'll stack myself up with any of them...O, darn it! I can't write! I feel to good! By the way, you remember Fred Hartman, the Canadian Dog Race winner? His bunk is third from mine and he has his lead dog with him. I'm crazy about this place! The airplanes or "ships" fill the air all the time, and when you see a formation of twenty or thirty way up in the air they look like a bunch of mosquitoes or bees coming home to hive at sunset. Poetic as the dickens!
Citation: Gutterson, Granville. Granville: Tales and Tail Spins from a Flyer's Diary. Minnesota Historical Society. Minnesota History Center, St. Paul. D570.9 .G76
Iconic black wool fedora worn during performances by Monte Moir, keyboardist for The Time, circa 1980s. All the members of The Time were certainly wearing hats when they played before the Super Bowl a few weeks ago!
See it in Collections Online.
Flags like this one were hung in the window of a house to indicate that a person from that home was in the service. Flags could have multiple blue stars to indicate that multiple members of the household were serving in the war. When someone died while serving, a gold star would be placed over the blue one, to indicate their passing. This is how the Gold Star Rolls got their name. This flag was used by the family of Harvey Mears, who served in World War I and World War II.
Citation: Minnesota Historical Society Collections. 9404.3
Serigraph (screen print) on paper by Spunk Design Machine, 2012. This poster references the 2012 proposed but defeated Minnesota state constitutional amendment which would have defined marriage as being "solely between one man and one woman." Same-sex marriage is now fully legal and recognized in Minnesota.
See it in Collections Online.
This letter was sent from the American Red Cross National Headquarters to all of its Division Directors of Civilian Relief. It contains a memorandum from the Adjutant General stating that each enlisted man in the Army will be given a unique number for identification. But, as this system will take awhile to put in place, full names, grades, and organization will still be used on paperwork.
February 14, 1918
[...] 1. Referring to A-149 it should be noted the Government has now decided to assign a serial number to each man in the armies of the United States. [...] 2. The following official memorandum gives the essential details of the system as worked out by the Adjutant General and approved by the Chief of Staff: "In order to insure prompt and accurate identification the department has adopted system of numbering enlisted men of Army only, which system provides for but one series of numbers, without alphabetical prefix, for all enlisted men in, or who may enter Army, regardless of organization, arm corps, or department. Numbering begins with one and continues consecutively without limit. [...]
Citation: American Red Cross, Northern Division, records, 1915-1921. Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, Minnesota. P781