The Minnesota Historical Society preserves and makes available a wide range of materials chronicling Minnesota's history and culture. The goals of the Collections Department are to collect and preserve; provide access and interpretation; and engage in education and outreach. This blog is a tool to share these stories and let people know what is happening in the department.
In her diary entry from April 6, 1917, Mary Hill reflects upon the United States’ declaration of war against Germany. That day, the wife of railroad magnate James Hill had attended a three-hour-long church service in New York City, and she later received the news that Congress had passed its war resolution. She notes succinctly, “War declared today. That is the beginning. God above knows the end.” Over the course of the war, Mary Hill would become an active supporter of the American Red Cross. Still, it would be over a year before U.S. troops would be shipped overseas to join in the fighting.
New York. Good Friday. A dark wet morning. Clara feeling more comfortable today. Gertrude and I went to the uptown Jesuite [sic] Church to the 3 hour service. A most impressive Service. Mamie came in this afternoon. War declared today. That is the beginning. God above knows the end.
1915-1920. Mary T. Hill Papers. 64. C.5.6 Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, Minnesota
A deer call made from wood with a piece of tin tied to it, which would imitate a fawn call. Made by Wolf Chief, Hidatsa, in 1918.
"U.S. At War With Germany" and "Proclamation is Duly Signed by President", The Duluth Herald - April 6, 1918
A frosted plastic mug celebrating the 20th anniversary of the Minneapolis record store, The Electric Fetus, in 1988. It features a Soul Asylum illustration on one side. Owned by Karl Mueller, the bassist for Soul Asylum.
The First World War saw widespread use of telephones in combat. These telephones, like the German model pictured below, were of tremendous value to armies on the front, since they allowed for covert communication without putting the messenger at risk. In order to operate this particular telephone, a soldier would squeeze the switch on the handle while speaking into a leather-covered “horn” piece. His voice would then travel through the telephone’s transmission aperture, which converts his voice into an electric signal to be received by another telephone. This particular phone has a total of four transmission lines, so it would be up to the user to consult the telephone’s switchboard map and select the correct line for their purposes. If the connection was imperfect and messages difficult to comprehend, soldiers would use a series of standard words associated with each letter of the alphabet. This method of communication is akin to the NATO phonetic alphabet, which would translate the message, “Squadrons A, B, and C have arrived” to “Squadrons Alpha, Bravo, and Charlie have arrived.” This system allows for much clearer enunciation, especially of single letters.
A padlock and key that were used on the first jail in Hastings, Minnesota, circa 1850.
A photograph of a man celebrating his 44th birthday on 4/4/1944.
This image forms part of our Minneapolis and St. Paul Newspaper Negative collection. Additional photographs in this series may be available in the library, please view the finding aid here.
For more information or to purchase a photograph of this item, view this photograph in our collections database.
Red Cross Public Health Nurse
Minnesota has had a long and rich history of nursing. From the early hospital-based nursing schools to the landmark work of Katharine Densford to the research and innovations of today, Minnesota has proudly been at the forefront.
This display was created in conjunction with the University of Minnesota’s School of Nursing. Be sure to celebrate National Nurses Week, May 6 - 12!
The Library is free and open to the public; the display is on view during regular Library hours.
Visit the new World War 1 exhibit (opening April 8) on level 3 here at the History Center to see more medical history!
Stillwater Hospital, 1912
In a letter to the Minneapolis branch of the American Red Cross on April 1, Miss Franke Poe inquires to whom she should send her application to become a nurse in the war. As a circus performer in “excellent physical condition” and having had previous nurse training and practice, Miss Poe feels the strong “call of humanity” after hearing that nurses are needed at the front. Miss Poe is just one of many who felt the obligation and call to become involved in the war effort.
Alexander, N.D. 4-1-17
American Red Cross
I understand there is a shortage of Red Cross Nurses at the front at the present time. would like to offer my services for immediate duty. As a circus preformer [sic] in excellent physical condition, spent one year in hospital training, but found the lure of the saw dust stronger - Now I find the call of humanity stronger. Will you kindly advise me to whom I should my make my application. Would prefer going to French service. An early reply would be appreciated.
Very truly yours
(Miss) Franke Poe.
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American Red Cross, Northern Division, records, 1915-1921. Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, Minnesota. [P781]