The Minnesota Historical Society preserves and makes available a wide range of materials chronicling Minnesota's history and culture. The goals of the Collections Department are to collect and preserve; provide access and interpretation; and engage in education and outreach. This blog is a tool to share these stories and let people know what is happening in the department.
Gratuitously stealing the title from one of our favorite Minnesota history books, Twin Cities Then and Now by Larry Millet, Item of the Day presents an occasional series, Minneapolis Bars Then and (sometimes) Now.
This photograph shows the Five O’ Clock Bar and Restaurant at 34 S. 5th St in 1959. This location is definitely not a bar anymore; the Nic apartment building now stands at the corner of Nicollet Mall and 5th St.
For more information or to purchase a photograph of this item, view this photograph in our collections database.
April 10, 1917.
Mrs. J. E. Reyerson,
Dear Mrs. Reyerson:
We appreciate very much your offer to help us and we feel that all Minnesota should have their share in supplying materials for our own Minnesota Base Hospital. What type of work would your ladies like best? Would they prefer sewing by machine, sewing by hand, or making bandages and surgical supplies? In the latter case it would be necessary either for several of your ladies to come to Minneapolis and take our course of lessons in making surgical supplies, or to have one of our instructors go to you and give class instruction in the same.
Thanking you for your offer of help,
Very truly yours,
(Mrs. Horace Lowry)
Chairman Supplies Committee.
American Red Cross, Northern Division, records, 1915-1921. Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, Minnesota. [P781]
Just days after President Wilson asks Congress to declare war with Germany, Little Falls lawyer A.H. Vernon writes Senator Knute Nelson for a recommendation to be appointed as an officer in the army. Also referring Mark Buckman, Vernon describes that his qualifications as a political reporter for the Pioneer Press and a practicing lawyer. He describes Buckman as having more practical skills in mechanics and pharmacology. However, Vernon’s main reason for requesting a position in the army is for integrity’s sake. He explains that he feels he can be an example, “as [he] has done a good deal of patriotic talking, and [doesn’t] believe talk without action amounts to very much if a fellow is at an age where he can do some active work.”
April 9, 1917
Hon. Knute Nelson,
My Dear Senator:-
Since writing you regarding the military training camps for civilians, I see by the papers that on account of the war they will be discontinued, and training camps for reserve officers held instead. I therefore thought I would make application for a comission as reserve officer, and would write to see what is the proper procedure. [...] I don't know what the situation is , and while it will be a great sacrifice for me to close up shop here, as I have just got my practice well established, I feel that I should do so, and that the example would be worth something, as I have done a good deal of patriotic talking, and don't believe talk without action amounts to very much if a fellow is at an age where he can do some active work. [...]
Knute Nelson Papers, 1861-1924
"Latin Americans Expected to Join this Nation in War" and "Measures Move Forward Rapidly with Preperation" - The Daily People's Press. Owatonna, Minnesota, April 8, 1917.
In her diary entry from April 6, 1917, Mary Hill reflects upon the United States’ declaration of war against Germany. That day, the wife of railroad magnate James Hill had attended a three-hour-long church service in New York City, and she later received the news that Congress had passed its war resolution. She notes succinctly, “War declared today. That is the beginning. God above knows the end.” Over the course of the war, Mary Hill would become an active supporter of the American Red Cross. Still, it would be over a year before U.S. troops would be shipped overseas to join in the fighting.
New York. Good Friday. A dark wet morning. Clara feeling more comfortable today. Gertrude and I went to the uptown Jesuite [sic] Church to the 3 hour service. A most impressive Service. Mamie came in this afternoon. War declared today. That is the beginning. God above knows the end.
1915-1920. Mary T. Hill Papers. 64. C.5.6 Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, Minnesota
A deer call made from wood with a piece of tin tied to it, which would imitate a fawn call. Made by Wolf Chief, Hidatsa, in 1918.
"U.S. At War With Germany" and "Proclamation is Duly Signed by President", The Duluth Herald - April 6, 1918
A frosted plastic mug celebrating the 20th anniversary of the Minneapolis record store, The Electric Fetus, in 1988. It features a Soul Asylum illustration on one side. Owned by Karl Mueller, the bassist for Soul Asylum.
The First World War saw widespread use of telephones in combat. These telephones, like the German model pictured below, were of tremendous value to armies on the front, since they allowed for covert communication without putting the messenger at risk. In order to operate this particular telephone, a soldier would squeeze the switch on the handle while speaking into a leather-covered “horn” piece. His voice would then travel through the telephone’s transmission aperture, which converts his voice into an electric signal to be received by another telephone. This particular phone has a total of four transmission lines, so it would be up to the user to consult the telephone’s switchboard map and select the correct line for their purposes. If the connection was imperfect and messages difficult to comprehend, soldiers would use a series of standard words associated with each letter of the alphabet. This method of communication is akin to the NATO phonetic alphabet, which would translate the message, “Squadrons A, B, and C have arrived” to “Squadrons Alpha, Bravo, and Charlie have arrived.” This system allows for much clearer enunciation, especially of single letters.