Minnesota is home to a rich LGBTQ history.
MNHS welcomes and serves all people of Minnesota. We are committed to working toward reflecting the diversity of the state, including preserving and sharing the stories of LGBTQ communities in Minnesota.
Some of these stories include:
- In 1971 Jack Baker and Michael McConnell applied for a marriage license in Hennepin County but were denied;
- in 2013 same-sex marriage was made legal in the state.
- The Minnesota Men of Color non-profit was organized in 1998 to advocate for people whom the majority-white LGBT groups had overlooked.
- Alan Spear was the first openly-gay state legislator in the country and served in the state Senate for nearly three decades advocating for issues of civil/LGBT rights and criminal justice reform.
- Joseph Israel Lobdell (born Lucy Ann Lobdell) sought refuge in Minnesota Territory and was brought to trial in 1858 for "impersonating a man" in a farming community near Litchfield.
These diverse stories only scratch the surface of LGBTQ history in our state.
Over the years, MNHS has collaborated with the community to document these remarkable stories by collecting oral histories, images, and artifacts on LGBTQ experiences. Donate to the MNHS collections.
The online encyclopedia MNopedia offers articles that document the experiences of LGBTQ people in Minnesota.
History is Now!
A collection of digital photographs of same-sex weddings held in Minnesota during the month of August 2013 resulting from the marriage equality bill.
The Minnesota History Center’s Gale Family Library is free and open to the public. Visit the library to see resources about the history of the LGBTQ communities in Minnesota.
Oral History Projects
Audio, video, and transcripts of interviews with members of LGBTQ communities.
Queer St. Paul Walking Tour
Discover St. Paul's often overlooked lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer past on this tour curated by Stewart Van Cleve, author of "Land of 10,000 Loves: A History of Queer Minnesota."