Forests, Fields, and the Falls: Primary Sources

Lumbering Sawmilling Farming Flourmilling Map of Minnesota Glossary About this project Primary Sources Activity Ideas Tips

Primary Sources

Lumbering

Camp was two days' walk from Aitkin:

  • "The First Day Out..."
  • Crossing the Mississippi
  • Spending the night

The Lumber Camp:

  • Cook Shack
  • Sleep Camp
  • Blacksmith Shop
  • Stables
  • Filer's Shop
  • Office and Store
  • Outhouse

In 20 more years, Minnesota's giant white pine forest would be entirely cut.

  • "...the Standing Pine Which is Still Left..."
  • Why was all the pine logged?
  • What happened when it was gone?

How would a lumber crew move a 2000 pound log?

  • Roads
  • Loading
  • Sledding
  • Teamsters
  • Unloading

Sawmilling

Some of the adventures:

  • Sledding
  • Marbles
  • Baseball
  • "My family lived..."

Job descriptions:

  • Pond Men
  • Chief Sawyer
  • Dogger and Setter

Job descriptions:

  • Trimmer operators

Farming

Flourmilling

Working in the mills:

  • Was it hard work?
  • More machines than people.
  • "...a skilled class of workingmen..."