J. O. Lewis, View of the Prairie du Chien Treaty Field, 1825

J. O. Lewis, View of the Prairie du Chien Treaty Field, 1825

The U.S. government's approach to land boundaries conflicted with Indian ideas about landownership.

"The lands I claim are mine and the nations here know it is not only claimed by us but by our Brothers the Sac and Fox, Menominees, Iowas, Mahas, and Sioux. They have held it in common. It would be difficult to divide it. It belongs as much to one as to the other. . . . My Fathers, I do not know that any of my relations had any particular lands."

Caramonee, Ho Chunk leader, 1825