Minnesota Territory 1849-1858
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The Treaty Story

The Treaty Story

Yes. Before the 1837 treaty, most white people who came to the land that became Minnesota were soldiers or fur traders. After the treaty, settlers came to farm and start businesses. By 1849, when Minnesota became a territory, it had about 5,000 white settlers.

In 1847 the Ojibwe ceded land for Ho Chunk and Menominee reservations. This land is west of the 1837 sale. The Ojibwe received $17,000 in cash for the land and the promise of $1,000 annually for the following 46 years.

On the map, click on the Ojibwe land ceded in 1847.